Kidneys are workhorses of a human body. The small, bean-shaped organs filter waste products from the blood. They also release hormones that regulate blood pressure, help to balance bodily fluids and create urine.
Normal kidneys secrete chemicals in our body called hormones. These chemicals help in maintaining blood pressure, RBC production and regulate calcium balance in our body.
Kidneys help balance minerals and remove waste products. Normal kidneys work to remove extra sodium and potassium via urine. Kidneys also help to balance the levels of minerals and remove waste such as urea.
As a start, here is a list of tasty and healthy foods that are low in phosphorus, potassium, and sodium;
Cauliflower, Broccoli, Farmer, Market, Harvest, Farm
Cauliflower is a vegetable full of vital nutrients like vitamin C, vitamin K, and folate. It also has a nice amount of fiber to help with digestion and certain anti-inflammatory compounds called indoles. Cauliflower can be eaten raw or roasted, even mashed in the place of potatoes. One cup that is about 124 grams of cauliflower consists of about 19 mg sodium, 176 mg potassium, and 40 mg phosphorus.
Background, Berries, Berry, Blackberries, Blackberry
Blueberries are one of the best fruits you can eat for your whole body. They are high in antioxidants called anthocyanins, which help reduce the risk of heart disease, diabetes, cognitive decline, and certain cancers. They are also fantastic for kidney patients as they are low in sodium, phosphorus, and potassium. One cup that is 148 grams of blueberries consists of about 1.5 mg sodium, 114mg potassium and 18 mg phosphorus.
Salmon, Barbecue, Barbeque, Bass, Bbq, Chef, Cod
Sea bass is recommended for people with kidney disease because it is a high-quality protein that contains healthy omega-3 fats with a lower level of phosphorus than other seafood. It is still important to consume sea bass in moderation, but a diet rich in omega-3s also helps to moderate depression, anxiety, and cognitive decline. Three ounces about 85 grams of sea bass consists of about 74 mg of sodium, 279 mg potassium and 211 mg of phosphorus.
Healthy, Grapes, Fruit, Red Grapes, Bunch
Red grapes are high in vitamin C and contain antioxidants called flavonoids, which reduce inflammation in the body. They also feature a particular kind of flavonoid called resveratrol, which is touted for its ability to benefit the heart, regulate blood sugar, hold off cognitive decline, and protect the skin from sun exposure and aging. A ½ cup of red grapes consists of about 1.5 mg sodium, 144 mg potassium and 15 mg phosphorus.
Egg, Straw, Food, Eat, Healthy, Edible, Delicious
Egg whites are high in protein but low in phosphorus, so they are often especially recommended for people who are undergoing dialysis. Dialysis patients typically have higher protein needs. Egg yolks are highly nutritious, but also contain a lot of phosphorus, so folks with kidney disease do best to stick to only the egg whites. Two large egg white i.e., 66 grams consists of about 110 mg sodium, 108 mg potassium and 10 mg phosphorus.
Garlic, Flavoring, Food Seasoning, Condiment, Pungent
Because kidney problems require a reduction in sodium, you may be worried about losing the enjoyment of flavorful food, too. Luckily, garlic is a wonderful alternative to salt that also offers its own nutritional benefits. Garlic contains vitamin C, vitamin B6, manganese, and certain sulphur compounds that are anti-inflammatory. Three garlic cloves i.e., 9-gram consist of about 1.5 mg sodium, 36 mg potassium and 14 mg phosphorus.
Groats, Meal, Herbs, Food, Vegetarian, Grain, Bowl
Whole grains are a vital part of a healthy diet, but many of them are high in phosphorus. Buckwheat is an excellent alternative. It offers nutrition in the form of magnesium, iron, fiber, and vitamin B. Added bonus, it is gluten-free and safe for people with gluten intolerance, all while containing very low amounts of the things you need to avoid. A ½ cup that is 84 grams of cooked buckwheat consists of about 3.5 mg sodium, 74 mg potassium and 59 mg phosphorus.
Olive Oil, Salad Dressing, Cooking, Olive, Healthy
Olive oil not only contains healthy fats, but it is also entirely free of phosphorus. It is especially good for people with kidney disease because they tend to have trouble maintaining a healthy weight. The fat in olive oil is mostly a monounsaturated version called oleic acid, which can also reduce inflammation. It is good for cooking because it can withstand high temperatures, but also great in salad dressings. One ounce i.e., 28 grams of olive oil consists of about 0.6 mg sodium, 0.3 mg potassium and 0 mg phosphorus.
Lamb’S Lettuce, Arugula, Mushrooms Brown Mushrooms
Conventional nutrition information suggests lots of dark leafy greens like spinach and kale. While these are extremely healthy foods, they are also high in potassium and therefore not recommended on a renal diet. Arugula is a great alternative. It is both low in potassium and high in vitamin K, manganese, and calcium. It also contains nitrates, which are known to lower blood pressure, another important consideration for people with kidney disease. One cup i.e., 20 grams of Arugula consists of 6 mg sodium, 74 mg potassium and 10 mg phosphorus.
Do the DASH:
DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. It’s a diet rich in fruits, low-fat dairy products, veggies, whole grains, fish, beans, and nuts. It is low in sodium, sugar, fats, and red meats.
You will have to make sure that you get the right balance diet containing the required protein, calories, vitamins, and minerals. Please consult your doctor with specific guidelines for your diet with kidney disease; we hope we have given you a good idea of some whole foods and ingredients that can combine into healthy, flavorful meals.